Visitors to the State Farmers Market can shop year-round for fresh produce, specialty products, and artisan items, and seasonally for items such as Christmas trees and pumpkins. In addition, the market hosts a Plant and Flower Festival each spring and fall, as well as various other public and private events throughout the year. The peak season for locally grown produce runs from April through early October.

The campus also houses the Phillips Market Center, Consumer Protection Division, Metrology Lab, privately owned wholesale businesses, The Market Restaurant, SC Department of Natural Resources, and additional state-managed wholesale facilities and sheds.

The major wholesale vendors present at the market include Senn Brothers, Severt & Sons Produce Co., Hook Produce, L&N Produce, Norfolk Banana, and Williams Produce.